James Earl Carter Jr, more widely known as Jimmy Carter, is a retired politician who served as the 39th president of the United States from 1977 - 1981. Currently, he is the oldest former living president and has served the longest retirement from the presidency. At this time, Carter is in hospice care and has asked Joe Biden to deliver his eulogy. He was recently the first president to celebrate his 99th birthday, which was on October 1, 2023.
James Earl Carter Jr. was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains, Georgia. The town was, when he was born, a boomtown, or a rapidly growing town. A student rich in reading, Carter graduated as a Junior (eleventh grade) as his high school did not have twelfth grade offered. Carter's father ran a general store in Plains. Many joke about Carter being a peanut farmer, as during his teen years he was given an acre of land that he used to grow and sell peanuts, which he would be involved in a lot in his life.
After defeating President Gerald Ford in the 1976 election, Carter took office on January 20, 1977. Unfortunately, his presidency is mostly known for the continuing inflation in the nation and the Iranian Hostage Crisis. While this wasn't necessarily Carter's fault, he still received a lot of blame for it, especially because he couldn't stop it. The Iranian Hostage Crisis was a big mistake of Carter's presidency, as he simply wasn't strong enough to resolve it immediately. All this made Carter an unpopular president. While he shifted America away from Watergate, he only did so likely because of his own failures. All of this would lead to Carter losing the 1980 election to Ronald Reagan. However, while history says that Reagan ended the hostage crisis, Carter did a lot of the work on his last days in office to get them released.
After leaving office on January 20, 1981, Carter returned to his peanut farm in Georgia. It had left him in a million dollars in debt. In 1982, Carter founded the Carter Center, a non-political and non-profit organization that helps in humanitarian rights, such as helping equality efforts and increasing quality of life in several countries. Because of the Carter Center, Carter received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002, making him the only president to receive the prize after leaving office. Following the death of Gerald Ford in 2006, Carter became the earliest surviving president. He became the president to serve the longest retirement in 2012, surpassing Herbert Hoover. Carter has had a medical history in his post presidency. In 2012, he had gotten melanoma, and had announced that it had gone away in 2015. In 2019, Carter had suffered a fall and broke his hip. Later that year, he fell again. On February 18, 2023, the Carter Center released a statement saying that Carter had entered hospice care, and has refused further medical intervention. At this time, Carter is still in hospice care. On November 19, 2023, Rosalynn Carter, Jimmy Carter's long-time wife and Carter's First Lady, died.
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